Valium (Diazepam)

Diazepam General Information

Valium (Diazepam) is used for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal, anxiety, and seizures. This is also used to relieve muscle spasms and to provide sedation before medical procedures.

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome is a set of symptoms that can occur following a reduction in alcohol use after a period of excessive use.

Anxiety is a feeling of unease like worry or fear. That it can be mild or severe.

Seizures are symptoms of brain problem. It happens because of sudden or abnormal electrical activity in the brain. 

How does Valium (Diazepam) work?

Valium (Diazepam) works by increasing the activity of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain. GABA means gamma-aminobutyric acid. Neurotransmitters are chemicals that are stored in nerve cells in the nervous system and in the brain. They are involved in transmitting messages between the nerve cells. GABA is a neurotransmitter that acts as a natural ‘nerve-calming’ agent. It helps keep the nerve activity in the brain in balance. It is also involved in relaxing muscles, reducing anxiety, and inducing sleepiness. By increasing the activity of GABA in the brain, this medication increases these calming effects.

Why use Valium (Diazepam)?

Valium (Diazepam) is a type of medicine called benzodiazepine. This is available as tablets for oral administration that has 2mg, 5mg, or 10mg of Diazepam. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this medication. 

How to use Valium (Diazepam)?

The dosage is based on your medical condition, age, and response.

Valium (Diazepam) is to be taken by mouth with a full glass of water. You may take the tablet with or without food. Take it at the same time each day or as directed by your doctor. Do not increase your dose or use it more often or for longer than prescribed. 

What are the side-effects of Valium (Diazepam)?

  • Tired feeling, dizziness, drowsiness
  • Fatigue, spinning sensation, constipation
  • Memory problems, restlessness, ataxia (loss of balance)
  • Muscle weakness, irritability, nausea
  • Dry mouth, drooling, slurred speech
  • Skin rash, double or blurred vision
  • Itching, loss of interest in sex

Call your doctor right away if these happen:

  • Severe drowsiness
  • Weak or shallow breathing
  • Confusion or hallucinations
  • Anxiety or panic attacks
  • Unusual risk-taking behavior

Warnings and Precautions

  • While taking this medication, avoid drinking grapefruit juice or eating grapefruit. It may increase the change of side effects with this drug.
  • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to it or if you have any allergies.
  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding women, talk with your doctor first.