Tramadol

Where is Tramadol used?

Tramadol is used to help relieve moderate to moderately severe pain. This medicine is similar to opioid analgesics. This works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain. Tramadol is an FDA-approved medication for oral use.

How does Tramadol work?

  • Tramadol relieves moderate to moderately severe pain by imitating the action of pain-reducing chemicals called endorphins that occurs naturally. This pain-reducing chemical is found in the spinal cord and brain. It lessens pain by combining with opioid receptors.
  • Tramadol mimics the action of our natural endorphins by combining with the same opioid receptors in the spinal cord and brain. This blocks the spread of pain signals led by the nerves to the brain and means that although the cause of the pain may stay, less pain is sensed.
  • Tramadol also improves the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the spinal cord and brain. Neurotransmitters are chemical compounds that act as messengers between the nerve cells. This medicine enhances the effect of the neurotransmitters noradrenaline and serotonin. As a result, this action also helps relieve pain.

How is Tramadol taken?

  • Follow the instructions of your doctor about how to use this medicine. This is mainly important since Tramadol could be addictive.
  • The dosage may differ but you must not usually take more than 400 mg per day.
  • Tramadol does not commonly cause an upset stomach, so you may take each dose with or without food.
  • Doses differ from person to person. Your dosage will depend on how bad your pain is if you get any side effects, and how you’ve responded to previous painkillers.
  • Swallow each medicine as a whole with plenty of water.
  • You may take your Tramadol at any time of day but try to take it at the same time every day.

What are the possible side effects of Tramadol?

  • Headache
  • Feeling sick
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Constipation
  • Sweating
  • Dry mouth

What are the precautions in taking Tramadol?

  • Tell your doctor if you are taking medicine for anxiety, depression, certain infection, mental health problems, or warfarin.
  • Avoid operating machinery or driving until you know how this medicine affects you. Severe drowsiness or dizziness can cause falls or other accidents.
  • Tramadol should not be given to anyone younger than 18 years old and children younger than 12 years old. It is particularly for those who recently had surgical treatment to remove the adenoids or tonsils.
  • Tramadol is not believed to be safe to take during pregnancy. Conversely, it is important to treat pain in pregnancy. For several pregnant women with severe pain, this medicine might be the best option. Your doctor will help you decide what’s right for you and your baby.
  • Do not take this medicine with painkillers that contain codeine that you can buy from a pharmacy. You’ll be more likely to get side effects.
  • Taking an excessive amount of this drug can be dangerous. It is important not to take more than your recommended dose though you think it’s not adequate to relieve your pain. Discuss with your doctor first, if you think you need to change your dose.