Where is Pioglitazone Hydrochloride used?
Pioglitazone Hydrochloride is used in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes. According to pharmacological studies, this medicine progresses a glycemic mechanism while decreasing the flowing insulin levels. This also improves the sensitivity to insulin in muscles.
This medicine is used along with a proper diet and exercise program. Proper control of diabetes may lower your risk of heart attack and stroke. Controlling high blood pressure helps also prevent;
- Loss of limbs
- Kidney damage
- Nerve problems
Pioglitazone Hydrochloride is an oral antidiabetic agent. This acts primarily by lessening insulin resistance. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved this medication.
How does Pioglitazone Hydrochloride work?
Individuals with diabetes have a lack of a hormone made by the pancreas which is called insulin. Insulin is the central hormone accountable for the control of sugar in the blood. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not create enough insulin and the cells of the body are resilient to the low levels of insulin flowing in the blood. Insulin would usually make the cells eliminate sugar from the blood. Hence, in type 2 diabetes blood sugar levels can rise too high.
This medication helps to lower blood glucose levels by increasing the sensitivity of muscle cells, liver, and fat to insulin. This allows the cells to eliminate glucose from the blood more efficiently. Pioglitazone Hydrochloridealso decreases the amount of glucose made by the liver. it also preserves the functioning of the cells in the pancreas that create insulin. The general effect of this medication is to help the body control blood sugar levels and stop them from becoming too high.
How is Pioglitazone Hydrochloride taken?
The dosing instructions will depend on your medical condition. Take this medicine once a day by mouth. Each dose can be taken with or without food. Take this at the same time and in the same way each day or as prescribed by your doctor.
Monitor your blood sugar frequently as directed by your doctor. Keep track of the results and share them with your doctor. Inform your doctor if your blood sugar levels are too low or too high. Your dosage may need to be changed. It may take up to 2 to 3 months before the full benefit of this medicine takes effect.
What are the possible side effects of Pioglitazone Hydrochloride?
- Weight gain
- Muscle pain
- Sore throat
- Tooth problems
- Vision problems
What are the precautions in taking Pioglitazone Hydrochloride?
- Before taking this medication, make sure that you are not allergic to it.
- Consult first your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant, or breastfeeding women.
- Do not share this medication with others who have the same symptoms as yours.
- Do not drive or use any machinery when you take this medication. This may cause dizziness or blurred vision.
- Do not use this past the expiration date.
- Keep this medicine in a cool and dry place.