What condition does Lopinavir-Ritonavir treat?

Lopinavir-Ritonaviris a prescription medicine used with another drug to help control HIV infection. This prescription helps to lessen the quantity of HIV in your body so your immune system could function well. Wherein, it lowers your risk of getting HIV problems and improves your quality of life.

Lopinavir-Ritonaviris in the class of medications called protease inhibitors. This is available for oral use. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this prescription in 2000.

How does Lopinavir-Ritonavir work?

During HIV infection, the virus grows within the cells of the body. Once the viruses are out from the cells, it spreads through the body where they infect other cells. For this reason, the infection is spread among new cells that the body creates frequently. During the making of the viruses, new proteins for the viruses are made. Some of the proteins are a structural protein that forms the body of the viruses. Other proteins are enzymes that manufacture DNA and other components for the new viruses. It is the protease that forms the new structural proteins and enzymes.

Lopinavir and Ritonavir block the action of protease. Wherein, it results in the development of defective viruses that are incapable of infecting certain cells in the body. Therefore, the number of viruses in the body decreases.

What is the recommended dosage for Lopinavir-Ritonavir?

  • This medication is to be taken by mouth usually once or twice a day.
  • You may take each dose with food or without food.
  • Swallow the medicine as a whole. Do not chew or open it.
  • Remember to take it at the same time every day.
  • The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to it.
  • It is important to take it exactly as it is prescribed.
  • Do not take more or less than the prescription.
  • For the best benefit from it, take it regularly.
  • Let your doctor know if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse.

What are the side effects of Lopinavir-Ritonavir?

  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Drowsiness
  • Stomach upset
  • Weakness
  • Skin rash
  • Trouble sleeping
  • A bad taste in your mouth
  • Joint pain
  • Vision changes
  • Weight loss

What are the precautions in taking Lopinavir-Ritonavir?

  • Before taking this medicine, tell your doctor if you are allergic to it or if you have any allergies.
  • You should not share this drug with others even if they have the same symptoms as yours.
  • If you are breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first. This may not be recommended for pregnant women.
  • Before taking it, tell your doctor if you have any medical history.
  • You should know that this medication may reduce the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives such as birth control patches, pills, rings, or injections. Talk to your doctor about using another form of birth control.
  • You must know that while you are having medicines for the treatment of HIV infection, your immune system might get stronger and start to combat other infections that were already in your body. This may cause you to develop symptoms of those infections. If you have new or worsening symptoms after starting treatment with this prescription, make sure to inform your doctor.