Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate) Injection

Glatiramer Acetate General Information

Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate) is used for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. It is also called relapsing sclerosis – MS. It usually starts in your 20s or 30s.

This medication is a protein that prevents your immune system from attacking the nerves. It is specifically in your brain or spinal cord. Its effect may lessen the number of periods of disease worsening or relapses. It may also prevent or delay disability.

How does Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate) work?

Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate) is thought to act on the processes in the immune system. It may believe to be responsible for causing the disease. This drug helps to reduce the incidence of relapses.

However, it has not been shown to lessen the severity or duration of the relapses. It has not been shown also to have any effects on the overall progression of disability in people with relapsing-remitting MS.

Why use Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate)?

Copaxone Injection contains Glatiramer Acetate as an active ingredient. It is a type of medicine called an immunomodulator. It also consists of synthetic polypeptides. Those are made up of four naturally occurring amino acids:

  • L-alanine
  • L-glutamic acid
  • L-lysine
  • L-tyrosine

This medication is for subcutaneous administration. It has the strengths of 20 mg and 40 mg. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved this medication.

How to use Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate)?

Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate) is to be given under the skin. It is usually given once a day or 3 times a week at least 48 hours apart. Inject the medication under the skin of the thigh, hip, abdomen, or back of the upper arm. The recommended dosage is based on your medical condition and response.

Before injection, wash and dry your hands first. Clean also the injection site before injecting. Clean it with rubbing alcohol. It is important to change the injection site daily. After pulling out the needle, apply gentle pressure on the injection site.

What are the side-effects of Copaxone (Glatiramer Acetate)?

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Joint aches
  • Chills
  • Neck pain
  • Body aches
  • Back pain
  • Double vision
  • Weakness
  • Runny nose
  • Fever
  • Increased urge to urinate
  • Double vision
  • Sore throat

Warnings and Precautions

  • Before using this medication, check it visually for particle or discoloration. It is normally clear and colorless to slightly yellow.
  • The medication should not be injected into a vein.
  • After a single-use, discard any unused portion in the syringe. Do not save it for later use.
  • Do not change your dose or stop the medication without consulting your doctor.