Celecoxib

Where is Celecoxib used?

Celecoxib is a medication that relieves pain and swelling. This is used for the treatment of acute pain, arthritis, menstrual pain, and discomfort. The swelling and pain relief provided by this treatment helps you perform more of your normal daily activities.

Celecoxib is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It is specifically a COX-2 inhibitor. This is available as a capsule for oral administration. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved this medication.

How does Celecoxib work?

The action of Celecoxib is believed to be due to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. It is mainly by inhibition of COX-2. COX-2 is made in reaction to inflammatory stimuli. This leads to the accumulation and synthesis of inflammatory prostanoids. It is in particular prostaglandin E2, causing inflammation, pain, and edema.

How is Celecoxib taken?

The dosage of this medication depends on your condition and response.

Celecoxib is to be taken by mouth. Swallow it as a whole with a full glass of water. Take it at the same time each day. You may take the medicine with or without food. Do not lie down for at least 10 minutes after taking a dose of this medicine.

Taking it at the same time will have the best effects. It will also help you remember when to take it. Follow your doctor’s prescription very carefully. To avoid some complications, do not double the prescribed dosage. If you missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. If you often missed a dose, call your doctor for instructions.

What are the possible side effects of Celecoxib?

Commons side effects:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Insomnia
  • Indigestion
  • Upset stomach
  • Gas
  • Nervousness
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Skin rash

Call for medical help if you have:

  • Signs of allergic reaction – difficulty breathing, hives, swelling in your face or throat
  • Signs of a stroke or a heart attack – feeling short of breath, slurred speech, sudden numbness or weakness on one side of the body, or leg swelling

Stop using this medication and call your doctor if these happen:

  • Swelling, feeling short of breath, rapid weight gain
  • The first sign of any skin rash, no matter how mild
  • Signs of stomach bleeding – coughing up blood, bloody or tarry stools
  • Liver problems
  • Kidney problems
  • Low red blood cells (anemia)

What are the precautions in taking Celecoxib?

  • This medication may cause serious stomach and intestinal ulcers. Talk with your doctor about the risks and benefits that this drug has.
  • If you are taking this medicine as needed, remember that pain medications work best if they are used at the first signs happen. If you wait until the pain has worsened, the medicine may not work as well.
  • Daily use of tobacco and alcohol along with this drug may increase your risk for stomach bleeding. Limit your alcohol intake and smoking while using this medication.
  • Consult your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding women.
  • Keep this away from the reach of children or your pets.