Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon)

Tessalon General Information

Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon) is indicated for the treatment of coughs caused by the common colds. It may also happen because of other breathing problems like;

  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Emphysema

This is chemically similar to medications that are called ‘ester-type local anesthetics’. These include painkillers procaine, lidocaine, and tetracaine. It numbs the skin, muscles, or gums before medical and dental procedures. 

How does Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon) work?

Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon) acts secondarily by anesthetizing the stretch receptors located in the lungs, respiratory passages, and pleura. It is by reducing their movement and thereby decreasing the cough reflex at its source. It begins to act within 15-20 minutes and its effect lasts for 3-8 hours. 

Why use Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon)?

Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon) belongs to a subgroup of cough medications known as antitussives. This controls your cough by numbing and suppressing reflexes in your airways and lungs. Benzonatate is the generic of the brand-name drug Tessalon (the gel caps are called Tessalon Perles). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) originally approved this in 1958. 

How to use Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon)?

This medication comes in 100mg and 200mg capsules. This is taken up to a maximum of 3 times daily. The recommended dosage depends on your condition and response. Take this with a full glass of water and swallow the capsule as a whole. You may take two of the 100mg capsule if you have trouble swallowing large capsules. It is if your doctor prescribed you a 200mg capsule. You may take this with or without food. This should not be given in children under the age of 10.

What are the side-effects of Benzonatate Capsules (Tessalon)?

Common side effects:

  • Rash
  • Constipation
  • Drowsiness or sleepiness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Stuffed nose
  • Some minor skin itching
  • Upset stomach or acid reflux

Serious side effects:

  • Pain and numbness in your chest
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Tremors or shaking
  • Dizziness
  • Sedated or very tired
  • Restlessness
  • Have a chilly feeling
  • Trouble breathing
  • Burning sensation in the eyes

Call for medical help right away if these continue or get worse.

Warnings and Precautions

  • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding women, consult your doctor first before taking this.
  • If there is an allergic reaction, call your doctor right away.
  • Do not take this longer than prescribed.
  • Tell your doctor if you have any medical history or current medications.
  • Keep this far from the reach of children.