Zolpidem Tartrate

Zolpidem Tartrate

What isZolpidem Tartrate and how does it work?

ZolpidemTartrate is in a group of medicines called hypnotics used to treat insomnia inadults. This medicine acts on your brain to help you sleep. This increases theactivity of a neurotransmitter in the brain called GABA. A neurotransmitter isa natural chemical in the body that acts as messengers between nerve cells.GABA is a neurotransmitter that blocks impulses between nerve cells in thebrain. 

GABA isinvolved in inducing sleepiness, decreasing anxiety, and relaxing muscles.Zolpidem Tartrate increases the total amount of time you spend sleeping andreduces the time it takes to fall asleep. This also lessens the times you wakeup in the night. 

How touse Zolpidem Tartrate?

Take thismedication by mouth on an empty stomach as directed by your doctor. This isusually taken once a night. Since this drug works quickly, take it right beforeyou get into bed. Do not take it with or after a meal because it will not workas quickly. 

Do nottake a dose of this drug unless you have time for a full night’s sleep of atleast 7 to 8 hours. If you have to wake up before that, you may have somememory loss and may have trouble safely doing any activity that requiresalertness. Dosage is based on your gender, age, medical condition, othermedications you may be taking, and response to treatment. Do not increase yourdose, take it more often, or use it for longer than prescribed. Do not takemore than 10 milligrams a day. Women have usually prescribed a lower dosebecause the drug is removed from the body more slowly than in men. Older adultsare usually prescribed a lower dose to decrease the risk of side effects. Whenthis medication is used for a long time, it may not work as well. Talk withyour doctor if this medication stops working well. Tell your doctor if yourcondition persists after 7 to 10 days or if it worsens.

SideEffects

Commonside effects:

  • Headache
  • Daytime drowsiness
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Light-headedness
  • Feeling drugged
  • Loss of coordination
  • Tired feeling
  • Dry mouth
  • Stuffy nose
  • Nausea
  • Nose or throat irritation
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Muscle pain
  • Upset stomach
  • Depression
  • Unusual thinking (anxiety, thoughts of self-injury, risk-taking, or aggression)

Let yourdoctor know if these occur:

  • Chest pain
  • Dementia
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Skin reactions 
  • Blood clots 

Precautions:

ZolpidemTartrate is only suitable for adults and should not be taken by:

  • Children and adolescents under 18 years of age
  • People with sleep apnea syndrome
  • With sudden or severe breathing difficulties
  • Psychotic illness
  • A condition called myasthenia gravis
  • Severe liver problems 

Somepeople, particularly elderly people, may need a lower dose or extra monitoring.Make sure your doctor knows if you have:

  • Breathing problems
  • Liver problems
  • A history of alcoholism or drug abuse
  • A history of psychiatric illness or are sufferingfrom depression 

Pregnancy

It isimportant to get advice from your doctor before taking this drug. Regular useof Zolpidem during the latter stages of pregnancy could cause withdrawalsymptoms in the baby after birth.

Breastfeeding

Smallamounts of Zolpidem Tartratepass into breast milk. If you’rebreastfeeding it’s best to avoid taking this drug. It could affect your baby.Ask your doctor for advice about your options for treating sleeping problemswhile you’re breastfeeding.