COVID-19 is the first pandemic known to be caused by the emergence of a new coronavirus. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses causing a range of illnesses from the common cold to more serious infections such as those caused by;

  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) 
  • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-related Coronavirus (SARS-CoV). 

Coronaviruscan also cause a variety of diseases in farm animals and domesticated pets.

The change is rapid

Peopleinfected by the disease continue to change every single day. There are now 20million people infected by the virus and almost 800 thousand deaths worldwideaccording to the latest statistics update. 

Strict measures are critical for slowing the spread of the disease

Flatteningthe curve. It means that there would be fewer patients duringthat period. The hospitals as well would be able to manage the demands ofpatients who are sick with COVID-19 and other illnesses. Meanwhile, communitieshave been ramping up contact tracer does not mean you have the disease. But, itmay be a reason to self-isolate and get tested. 

The prevention of the infection is the key

There area lot of things you can do to protect yourself and the people you interactwith. People can easily get the virus when other people sneeze or cough or whentouching a common surface and after going to the bathroom. Avoiding also otherpeople who have flu-like symptoms are the best strategy you can do at thispoint. Still, studies have shown that a significant portion of people withcoronavirus have no symptoms or have symptoms so mild they may go undetected.Even those who eventually develop symptoms can transmit the virus to othersbefore showing symptoms. In general, the more people you interact with, themore closely you interact with them, the longer than interaction, the higheryour risk of getting and spreading COVID-19. 

Thefollowing are the preventive measure you need to take action:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap is not available, you may use a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. 
  • Stay at home if you feel ill. 
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. To cover your cough or sneeze, use a tissue. Dispose it in the trash properly after. 
  • Use a household wipe or spray to disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched. 
  • Create a household plan of action in case someone in your house gets sick with COVID-19. 
  • Plan visit with friends and family outdoors if possible. If you must visit them indoors, make sure that space can accommodate social distancing and make sure the space is well-ventilated. 
  • If you are going out in public, make sure to have your face mask and alcohol or hand sanitizer. 

Things to do if you feel ill 

Thesymptoms of COVID-19 can appear anywhere between 2-14 days after exposure andmay include:

  • Cough
  • Fever or chills
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing 
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea 

You should call your doctor or call for medical help if you experience those symptoms especially if you have been in close contact with a person infected. Most people will have mild illness and can recover at home without medical care. Seek medical attention right away if you are at home and experience emergency warning signs.