Spironolactone

Spironolactone

Where is Spironolactone used?

Spironolactone is a prescription medicine used for the treatment of:

  • Liver cirrhosis 
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Conn’s syndrome 

This may also be used as an accompanying treatment for hypertension. Lowering high blood pressure might lessen the risk of myocardial infarctions, non-fatal and fatal cardiovascular events, and primarily strokes. This is an FDA-approved prescription.

How does Spironolactone work?

Spironolactone works by blocking aldosterone. It is a hormone produced by glands called the adrenal glands. These are found above the kidneys Aldosterone works in the kidneys where it includes regulating the balance of water and salt in your body. By blocking the action of aldosterone, it causes the kidneys to rise in many salts. When these salts are filtered out of the blood, water is also drawn alongside. This medicine increases the amount of water that is drawn out of the blood and into the urine. This helps extra fluid to be removed from the body.

Many conditions can lead to an accumulation of fluid in the body. These include heart failure where the fluid might build up in the lungs, causing breathlessness, or causing the ankles to swollen. It may also be liver cirrhosis where fluid might accumulate in the abdominal cavity, causing a swollen abdomen. Spironolactone is used to eliminate extra fluid-related to these conditions and thus relieve the symptoms.

How is Spironolactone taken?

The recommended dosage will depend on your medical condition, age, and response to the treatment. You must take this medication exactly as it is prescribed. You should not take more or less or more often than it is given by your doctor. You must not stop taking this medicine without the consent of your doctor. It might reason for another complication or might worsen your existing condition. 

Spironolactone is to be taken by mouth. You may take each dose with or without a meal. Remember to take it at the same time and in the same way each day. Let your doctor know if your condition does not improve. 

What are the possible side effects of Spironolactone?

  • Stomach cramps
  • Dizziness
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea 

Stop using this medication and call your doctor right away if you have these side effects:

  • Little or no urination
  • A light-headed feeling like you might pass out 

What are the precautions in taking Spironolactone?

  • This medication is not recommended for use in people with severe kidney failure, high levels of potassium in their blood, or those with Addison’s disease. 
  • Several people including the elderly may need a lower dose of this medication or extra monitoring.
  • Spironolactone should be used with caution during pregnancy and only if the expected benefit to the mother is greater than any possible risk to the baby. 
  • Mothers who need a cure with this medication must not breastfeed and bottle-feed their infants. Seek further medical advice from your doctor.
  • Spironolactone may enhance the lowering effect of blood pressure that is used to treat high blood pressure. If you are taking medicines for high blood pressure along with Spironolactone and often feel dizzy, you must let your doctor know as your doses might adjust.