Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate

Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate

Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate is a prescription used for the treatment of varicose veins in the legs. This medication increases the formation of blood clots and scar tissue inside certain types of veins. This helps decrease the dilation of enlarged veins. 

Varicoseveins are enlarged and twisted veins. Any superficialvein may become varicose but the veins most commonly affect are those in yourlegs. That is because standing and walking upright increases the pressure inthe veins of your lower body. For several people, varicose veins can causeaching pain and discomfort. Signs you may have varicose veins include:

  • Veins that appear twisted and bulging which they are often like cords on your legs
  • Veins that are dark purple or blue
  • An achy or heavy feeling in your legs

Whenpainful signs and symptoms occur, they may include:

  • Worsened pain after sitting or standing for a long time
  • Throbbing, burning, muscle cramping and swelling in your lower legs
  • Skin discoloration around a varicose vein
  • Itching around one or more of your veins

Weak ordamaged valves can lead to varicose veins. Arteries carry blood from your heartto the rest of your tissues and veins return blood from the rest of your bodyto your heart. It is to let the blood from being circulated. To return blood toyour heart, the veins in your legs must work against gravity. Musclecontractions in your lower legs act as pumps and elastic vein walls that helpsblood return to your heart. Tiny valves in your veins open as blood flow towardyour heart. Then, it closes to stop blood from flowing backward. If thesevalves are weak or damaged, blood can flow backward and pool in the vein. Inwhich, it causes the veins to stretch or twist.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication. Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate is a sterile nonpyrogenic solution for intravenous use. This drug is known as a sclerosing agent. This injectable solution has the dosage strengths of 1% and 3%. 

How doesSodium Tetradecyl Sulfate work?

Thismedication works by causing irritation and inflammation of the inside wall ofthe vein into which it is injected. This causes a blood clot to form on theinflamed area which blocks the vein. Fibrous scar tissue then develops thatpermanently blocks the vein and causes it to shrink. Blood flow is naturallydiverted through other veins. This procedure is known as sclerosing. 

Injectingthe unwanted veins with a sclerosing solution causes the target vein to shrinkright away. Then it dissolves for weeks as the body naturally absorbs thetreated vein. Sclerotherapy is a non-invasive procedure taking only about 10minutes to perform. 

How touse Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate?

SodiumTetradecyl Sulfate is given by a healthcare provider. This medication isinjected into a vein through an IV. After your injection, you will be watchedclosely for several hours. It is to make sure this medication is not causingharmful effects. 

When the medicine is injected, let your caregivers know if you feel any pain, burning, or swelling around the IV needle. After your treatment, you may need to wear compression stockings for several days or weeks. Follow carefully your doctor’s instructions about caring for yourself after receiving Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate. Since this prescription is given by a healthcare professional in a medical setting, an overdose is unlikely to occur. You are not likely to miss a dose because you will receive Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate in a clinical setting. 

Do nottake in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than the prescription. Rememberto take it at the same time and in the same way each day. Use it regularly forthe best benefit of this product. Do not suddenly stop this treatment withoutthe consent of your doctor. The dosage of this prescription is based on yourmedical condition and response to the treatment. Your doctor may give you alower dose and slowly increase it.

What arethe side effects of Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate?

Commonside effects:

  • Nausea
  • Mild headache
  • Vomiting
  • Discolored skin along the treated vein 
  • Injection site reactions 

Call yourdoctor right away if these occur:

  • Sudden cough
  • Chest pain
  • Rapid breathing
  • Wheezing
  • Fat heart rate
  • Blurred vision
  • Difficulty swallowing 
  • Dizziness or light-headedness 
  • Sudden to severe weakness in the arm or leg on one side of the body
  • Pain or swelling in one or both legs
  • Skin sores, pain, itching, peeling, or skin changes where the medicine was injected 

Call formedical help if you any signs of an allergic reaction:

  • Hay fever
  • Hives
  • Asthma
  • Swelling 

Warningsand Precautions 

  • Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate should be used with caution in people who have previously had an allergic reaction to the injection. As well as those with poor blood circulation in the arteries in the extremities, this prescription should be used carefully.
  • Certain medicines should not be used during breastfeeding or pregnancy. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy before using any medication. 
  • This should not be used if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. If you have any allergies, let your doctor know right away. 
  • This is not recommended for use in children and women who are taking a contraceptive pill. 
  • If there are any signs of an overdose, call your doctor right away. 
  • If you missed a dose, call your healthcare provider for instructions. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed dose. 
  • Sodium Tetradecyl Sulfate should not be used in people;
    • with acute inflammation in the vein
    • inflammation and blood clot formation
    • a blood clot in a vein near the varicose vein
    • local infection near the varicose vein
    • an infection throughout the body
    • diabetes
    • heart disease
    • a disease of the arteries
    • kidney disease
    • who are unable to walk
    • obese