Nilutamide is a drug known as anti-testosterone used to treat prostate cancer. Testosterone is a natural hormone that helps prostate cancer grow and spread. Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate which is a small walnut-shaped gland in men. It produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Usually, prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland.
How does Nilutamide work?
Nilutamide works by preventing testosterone from binding to androgen receptors in the prostate gland. It also acts on an area of the brain called hypothalamus. It ultimately results in a reduction in the amount of testosterone produced by the body. Therefore, it starves cancer cells of testosterone that it prevents them from growing. Eventually, the prostate tumor will shrink.
Why use Nilutamide?
Nilutamide blocks the effects of testosterone that it slows the growth and spread of prostate cancer. This medication is a nonsteroidal and orally active anti-androgen. It is microcrystalline and white to practically white powder. Nilutamide is available in a 150 mg tablet for oral use. This contains Nilutamide as an active ingredient. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.
How to use Nilutamide?
The dosage for this medication isbased on your age, medical condition, and response to it. This prescription isto be taken exactly as it is prescribed. Do not use more or less or more oftenthan it is given.
Nilutamide is given usually oncea day. You may take each dose with or without a meal. The tablet is to be takenby mouth with a full glass of water. Do not break or chew it. You need toswallow it as a whole. Remember to take it at the same time each day.
What are the side effects of Nilutamide?
- Hot flashes
- Vision changes
- Stomach pain
- Dry skin
- Loss of body hair
- Loss of appetite
- Skin rash
- Signs of alcohol intolerance (flushing ortiredness)
- Increased sensitivity to touch or pain
Warnings and Precautions
- Before taking a dose, tell your doctor if you areallergic to it. Tell as well if you have current medications.
- Let your doctor know if you have ever had liverproblems or lung disease.
- This may make you dizzy. Do not drive or use anymachinery.
- Do not share this or any of your drugs with otherseven if they have the same symptoms as yours.
- Keep this drug at room temperature.