Mebendazole is a type of medicine called an anthelmintic used for the treatment of;
• Hookworm infections
This causes infection in people of all ages. It enters the body through the skin and can lead to a number of complications. Hookworm is most likely to occur in a moist and hot climate. The infection can spread when a person who has the infection defecates in the soil or when people use human feces on soil as a fertilizer. If eggs are present in the feces, they can hatch after 1-2 days under the right conditions.
• Whipworm infections
This is an intestinal infection caused by the roundworm Trichuris trichiura. People acquire the infection by eating foods contaminated with soil that contains whipworm eggs or by swallowing eggs after having contact with contaminated soil. People acquire the parasite by:
• Swallowing food contaminated by soil that contains eggs
• Transferring eggs from their hands to their mouth after contact with contaminated soil
Children may swallow contaminated soil.
• Threadworm infections
This is the most common type of intestinal worm infection. Pinworm infection occurs most often in school-age children, and the microscopic eggs are easily spread from child to child. Treatment involves oral drugs that kill the pinworms and thorough washing of pajamas and underwear. For best results, the entire family should be treated. Accidentally swallowing or breathing in pinworm eggs causes a pinworm infection. The microscopic eggs can be carried to your mouth by drink, contaminated food, or your fingers. Once swallowed, the eggs hatch in the intestines and mature into adult worms within a few weeks. Pinworm eggs can survive for two to three weeks on surfaces.
• Roundworm infections
Roundworms are parasites that live in your intestine. A parasite is a creature that lives in or on another creature in order to survive. They have long round bodies and range in size. Roundworms can live in or on humans and can cause many problems. They are usually found in soil and stool and can enter the body through the mouth or direct contact with the skin. They can live in the human intestine for a very long time. Anyone can get roundworms.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this prescription. This comes as a tablet for oral use with the dosage strength of 100mg.
How does Mebendazole work?
Mebendazole works by preventing worms from being able to absorb sugars that are essential for their survival. This depletes the energy stores of the worms, leading to their eventual death within a few days. The dead worms are then excreted from the gut in the stools. Although Mebendazole kills the adult worms, it doesn’t kill their eggs. So, it’s really important to be very thorough with hygiene, even after you’ve taken the treatment. This will help avoid you swallowing eggs which will then cause a new infection.
How to use Mebendazole?
Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. This medication is taken by mouth and can be taken with or without a meal. It may be swallowed, chewed whole, or crushed and mixed with food.
It is very important to continue taking this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not skip any doses. Continue to take this medication until the full prescribed amount is finished, even if symptoms disappear. Stopping the medication too early may result in a return of the infection. Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.
For treatment of pinworm infections, the medication is usually given as a single dose. If needed, a second treatment may be given in a few weeks. For other types of common worm infections, take this medicine by mouth for 3 days, usually twice a day in the morning and in the evening. If necessary, a second treatment may be given in a few weeks. For other types of infections, follow your the directions of your doctor. Your doctor may order you to take this medication more often than twice a day and for longer than 3 days.
What are the side effects of Mebendazole?
Common side effects:
• Stomach or abdominal pain
Call your doctor at once if you have:
• Signs of bone marrow suppression (fever, chills, sudden weakness or ill feeling, sore throat, red or swollen gums, mouth sores, trouble swallowing, easy bruising or bleeding)
• Severe skin reaction (swelling in your face or tongue, hives or skin rash that spreads and causes blistering and peeling)
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction (difficult breathing, hives, and swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat).
Warnings and Precautions
• Mebendazole passes into breast milk, but only in small amounts that are unlikely to be harmful to a nursing infant. However, the manufacturer recommends that breastfeeding should be avoided after taking this drug. Ask your doctor for further information.
• The safety of this drug for use during pregnancy is not yet known. It is recommended that it should not be taken by women who are or who think they could be pregnant. Wherever possible, it’s recommended that pregnant women with threadworms use hygiene measures to eliminate the worms and their eggs.
• Tell your doctor if you have any allergies or ever had an allergic reaction to this drug. This may contain ingredients that causes an allergic reaction.
• Tell your doctor your medical history, especially of: liver disease, low blood count, and intestinal problems.
• Do not share this with others even if they have the same symptoms as yours.
• Mebendazole is not known to affect other medicines. However, it may be best to It may be best to avoid taking cimetidine with Vermox, because it may decrease the breakdown of Mebendazole by the liver and so could increase the risk of side effects.
• If you missed a dose, call your doctor right away for instructions. Never double the dosage to make up for the missed dose.
• If there are any signs of an overdose, call for medical help at once.