Levothyroxine Sodium Tablets

Levothyroxine Sodium Tablets

Levothyroxine Sodium is used for the treatment of an underactive thyroid or called hypothyroidism. Low levels of thyroid hormone can happen naturally or when the thyroid gland is injured by medications or radiation. This replaces or provides more thyroid hormone which is normally produced by the thyroid gland. Consuming sufficient thyroid hormone is important for maintaining normal mental and physical activity. In children, having enough thyroid hormone is important for physical and normal mental development. 

Hypothyroidismis an illness wherein your thyroid gland does not produce enough of certaincrucial hormones. This condition may not cause any noticeable symptoms in theearly stages. But, over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause several healthproblems like joint pain, obesity, and heart disease. The signs and symptoms ofthis condition vary depending on the severity of the hormone deficiency.

Hypothyroidismsigns and symptoms may include:

  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Fatigue
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Puffy face
  • Weight gain
  • Muscle weakness
  • Hoarseness
  • Muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness
  • Elevated blood cholesterol level
  • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Thinning hair
  • Impaired memory
  • Depression
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)

LevothyroxineSodium is in the class of drugs called hormone. This is the same as the naturalhormone thyroxine. It is normally produced by the thyroid gland. This is aprescription approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). LevothyroxineSodium may also be used to treat other types of thyroid disorders such asthyroid cancer or goiters. This is supplied as tablets for oral use. Each tablethas the strengths of:

  • 25 mcg
  • 50 mcg
  • 75 mcg
  • 88 mcg
  • 100 mcg
  • 112 mcg
  • 125 mcg
  • 137 mcg
  • 150 mcg
  • 175 mcg
  • 200 mcg
  • 300 mcg

How doesLevothyroxine Sodium work?

LevothyroxineSodium is similar to natural hormone thyroxine which is normally produced bythe thyroid gland. 

Thethyroid gland usually creates and releases two thyroid hormones which are thethyroxine (T4) and tri-iodothyronine (T3). T3 is the more active thyroidhormone and T4 is converted into T3 in several parts of the body. Thesehormones are accountable for preserving a regular rate of metabolism in thebody. If the thyroid gland is incapable to create normal quantities ofthyroxine, the levels of both thyroid hormones in the blood drop. This is knownas hypothyroidism. It results in a reduced rate of metabolism which leads tosymptoms such as tiredness, weight gain, and intolerance to cold.

LevothyroxineSodium tablets work by replacing the thyroxine that would normally be producednaturally by your thyroid gland. This returns levels of T3 and T4 to normal. 

How touse Levothyroxine Sodium Tablets?

Thedosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment.Levothyroxine Sodiumis to be taken by mouth as directed by yourdoctor. It is usually once a day taken on an empty stomach 30 minutes to anhour before breakfast. Take the tablet with a full glass of water if yourdoctor directs you otherwise. If you are taking the tablet form of thismedication, swallow it whole. Do not crush, split, or chew. People who cannotswallow the capsule whole should use the tablet form of the medication. 

Forinfants or children who cannot swallow whole tablets, crush the tablet and mixin 1 to 2 teaspoons of water and give using a spoon or dropper right away. Donot make a supply in advance or mix the tablet in soy infant formula. For moreinformation, consult your doctor. 

Take itat the same time each day to help you remember. Use this medication regularlyto get the most benefit from it. Do not stop taking this prescription withoutfirst consulting with your doctor. Thyroid replacement treatment is usuallytaken for life. 

What arethe possible side effects of Levothyroxine Sodium?

Commonside effects:

  • Hot flashes
  • Fever
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness
  • Sleep problems or insomnia
  • Nausea
  • Changes in menstrual periods
  • Temporary hair loss 
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting 
  • Increased heart rate or pulse rate 

Call yourdoctor right away if these occur:

  • Heart attack symptoms (shortness of breath, chest pain, discomfort in your upper body)
  • Heart failure symptoms (extreme tiredness, shortness of breath, swelling in your ankles, legs, or feet, and unexpected weight gain)
  • Very fast heart rate
  • Irregular heart rhythm

Warningsand Precautions

  • While taking this medication, you will need to have regular blood tests to monitor your thyroid hormone levels. This helps your doctor to prescribe the correct dose to get your thyroid hormones into the normal range. It may take a few weeks to establish the dose that works for you. 
  • Levothyroxine Sodiumcan interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well. To help avoid interactions, your doctor must manage all of your medications carefully. Make sure to tell your doctor about the medications, vitamins, or herbs you are taking. 
  • Before taking this drug, let your doctor know if you are allergic to it. Tell as well if you have any allergies. This product may contain an inactive ingredient that causes an allergic reaction. 
  • Inform your doctor if you have a medical history of increased thyroid hormones, decreased adrenal gland function, high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes. 
  • This drug may affect your blood sugar. If you have diabetes, check your blood sugar regularly as directed. Share the results with your doctor. 
  • Before having any surgery, tell your doctor about all the products you use including non-prescription or prescription drugs and herbal products. 
  • Older adults may be more sensitive to the side effects of this drug, especially irregular heartbeat.
  • Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or breastfeeding women. 
  • If there are any signs of an overdose, call for medical assistance right away. 
  • Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction; difficulty breathing, hives, or swelling of your tongue, face, lips, and throat.