Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride

Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride

Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride is a medicine suitable for children aged 6 years and adults. This is used to relieve symptoms of hay fever or called seasonal allergic rhinitis and nasal allergies. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this prescription.

Howdoes Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride work?

Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride is a typeof medicine called a non-sedating antihistamine. It works by preventing theactions of histamine – a substance produced by the body when it reacts to aforeign substance such as pollen or pet fur. These are allergen. Histamine actson histamine receptors, causing a chain reaction that result in allergicsymptoms.

In allergic reactions like hay fever,histamine causes inflammation of the nose, eyes or airways that result in arunny, blocked or itchy nose and itchy, watery eyes. In allergic skin reactionshistamine causes skin rashes, inflammation, and itching.

Levocetirizine blocks histamine receptorsand so stops the chain reaction that causes the symptoms of the allergy. Itusually starts to work within an hour after taking a dose.

Whatis seasonal allergic rhinitis and nasal allergies?

Seasonalallergic rhinitis

This is a group of symptoms affecting thenose. People with this type of allergy generally experience symptoms afterbreathing in an allergy-causing substance. When a sensitive person inhales anallergen, the body’s immune system may react with the following symptoms:

  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Puffy and swollen eyelids
  • Itching usually in theeyes, mouth, nose, or throat
  • Stuffy nose due toblockage or congestion

Symptoms also may be triggered by commonirritants such as:

  • Cigarette smoke
  • Cosmetics
  • Strong odors such asperfume or hair spray and fumes
  • Laundry detergents
  • Cleaning solutions, poolchlorine, car exhaust and other air pollutants 

Seasonal allergic rhinitis can occur insummer, spring, and early fall. They are usually caused by sensitivity to airborne moldspores or to pollens from trees, grasses or weeds.

Perennialallergies

This is a chronic allergic condition that does not subside throughoutthe year. This causes nasal congestion and a runny nose. You may feel like youhave a permanent cold that won’t go away. Nasal inflammation is the hallmark symptom of perennial allergic rhinitis.You may have some or a combination of the following symptoms:

  • Itching
  • Congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Nasal obstruction orstuffiness

If your condition has progressed to sinusitis or the growth ofabnormal tissue you may also experience the following symptoms:

  • Facial pain or fullness
  • Headaches
  • Bad breath
  • Fatigue
  • Toothaches
  • Decreased sense of smell
  • Postnasal drip
  • Your runny nose amy befoul-smelling or an abnormal color

Howto use Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride?

Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride tablets canbe taken either with or without a meal. The dosage is based on your medicalcondition and response.  If you forget totake a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, do not take a doubledose to make up for a missed dose.

You can continue to use this medicinedaily to relieve symptoms for as long as you are exposed to the allergen. Followthe instructions given by your doctor, carefully. If symptoms persist despitetreatment, seek medical advice from your doctor. Do not exceed the recommendeddose. Do not suddenly stop taking this medication unless you are totally fine.You should follow the full prescription of your doctor. 

Whatare the side effects of Levocetirizine Dihydrochloride?

Common side effects:

  • Headache
  • Dry mouth
  • Mild sleepiness orfeeling tired
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation

Inform your doctor if these side effectsoccur:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Feeling weak and lackingenergy or strength
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Visual disturbances suchas blurred vision
  • Skin reactions such asrash, hives, or itching
  • Palpitations
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pins and needlessensations
  • Convulsions
  • Difficulty passing urine
  • Tremor
  • Difficulty sleeping oralso known as insomnia
  • Depression orhallucinations
  • Agitation or aggression
  • Weight gain
  • Liver problems such asinflammation of the liver or abnormal liver function

If there are side effects that get worse,call your doctor or for medical help right away.

Warnings

  • The safety of LevocetirizineDihydrochloride for use during pregnancy has not been fully established. Itshould only be used during pregnancy if the benefits to the mother outweigh anypotential risks to the developing baby. However, certain other antihistaminesor locally acting medicines like nasal sprays are usually preferred fortreating pregnant women who cannot tolerate their hay fever symptoms. Ask yourdoctor for further advice.
  • LevocetirizineDihydrochloride may pass into breast milk. Although the effects of this on anursing infant are not known, it could potentially make the baby drowsy orirritable. It should only be used by women who are breastfeeding if thebenefits to the mother outweigh any potential risks to the nursing infant.Certain other antihistamines or locally acting medicines like nasal sprays areusually preferred for treating breastfeeding women who cannot tolerate theirhay fever symptoms. Ask your doctor for further advice.
  • Medicines and theirpossible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. Justbecause a side effect is stated here doesn’t mean that all people taking thisantihistamine will experience that or any side effect. Children and elderlypeople tend to be more susceptible to the side effects of antihistamines.
  • This should not be takenby people with severe kidney failure and rare inherited blood disorders
  • This is not recommendedfor use in children under six years old,
  • The medicine should notbe used if you are allergic or intolerant to any of its ingredients. Check theingredients listed in the leaflet that comes with the medicine if you know youor your child have specific allergies or intolerances.
  • LevocetirizineDihydrochloride needs a lower dose and extra monitoring in people with kidneyproblems, who have difficulty passing urine, and with epilepsy.
  • This drug may make youdrowsy. You should not drive, do anything that requires your alertness, or useany machinery until you can do it safely.
  • While having thistreatment, avoid drinking alcohol. Alcohol can make you drowsier.
  • Before having any othersurgery, let your doctor know if you have any other medications (herbal/foodsupplements or vitamins).