HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE

HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE

Hydroxychloroquineis mainly used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. This is a type ofmedicine called disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD). Rheumatoidarthritis is caused by the immune system that attacks the joints.Hydroxychloroquine was also first used to prevent and treat malaria. Thismedication affects how your immune system works which may also be a benefit forthe treatment of the pandemic disease known as COVID-19.

COVID-19 was identifiedin Wuhan, China that is now spread throughout the world. This is an infectiousdisease caused by a new coronavirus introduced to humans for the first time. Bythe droplets made when an infected person speaks, sneezes, or coughs, it can bespread from person to person. The droplets can be landed in the noses or mouthsof people who are near the one who speaks, sneezes, or coughs. These dropletsare too heavy to travel far in the air. They only travel approximately onemeter and quickly settle on surfaces. It is best to clean the surface regularlyespecially in the vicinity of people who are infected with COVID-19. Hands canbe contaminated with the virus that has touched several surfaces. Therefore,you must avoid touching your mouth, eyes, or nose. Contaminated hands cantransfer the virus from the surface to yourself.

COVID-19 is anillness caused by a coronavirus. Coronavirus is a large family of viruses thatare common in both humans and animals. Human coronavirus is common andtypically associated with illnesses that are similar to the common cold.Symptoms of the disease may be very mild or more serious such as:

⦁    Cough

⦁    Fever

⦁    Difficulty breathing

After exposure tothe virus, the appearance of the symptoms may take up to 14 days. Coronavirusis commonly spread through an infected person by close personal contact such asshaking or touching their hands. Some other symptoms may include:

⦁    Diarrhea

⦁    Fatigue

⦁    Aches and pains

⦁    Headache

How doesHydroxychloroquine work?

Researches havestudied this drug as treatments for pneumonia caused by the coronavirus. Theresults were initially promising in small studies. Hydroxychloroquine hasin-vitro activity against SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, and other coronaviruses. Thismedicine has known safety profiles that have been reportedly well-tolerated inCOVID-19 patients.

In one small study,there have been reported that Hydroxychloroquine alone reduces the detection ofSARS-CoV-2 RNA in upper respiratory tract specimens. It shows an effective resultagainst the pandemic COVID-19 in a test tube. A suggested treatment forCOVID-19 is a five-day, 12-pill. It can be two 200 mg tablets twice a day onthe first day. It is followed by 1 tablet to be taken twice a day for 4 moredays as recommended. As have been studied, there are already patients whocleared the virus in 3-6 days. This treatment can be used potentially to helpsave lives and prevent others from becoming infected.

On the otheraspect, it has been relatively well understood that this drug works at amolecular level to disrupt critical cell processes. Wherein, it inactivates theimmune response of the body. Since the natural immune response is responsiblefor inflammation and other general disease symptoms (aching, fever, or pain).This anti-immune process works to curtail systemic diseases.

How to useHydroxychloroquine?

The recommended dosage is based on your medical condition and response. Hydroxychloroquine comes as a tablet to be taken by mouth. This can be taken with a meal or a glass of milk to lessen nausea. Carefully follow the instructions given by your doctor. Ask your doctor to explain any part you don’t understand. Take Hydroxychloroquine exactly as it is given by your doctor. Do not take more or less or it or take it more often than the prescription. You should not stop taking Hydroxychloroquine without your doctor’s consent. You can purchase Hydroxychloroquine here.

Swallow the tabletwith a full glass of water. Do not chew or break it. Drink plenty of fluidswhile having this treatment. If you forget a dose, take it as soon as youremember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the misseddose and continue your regular schedule of dose. If your condition does notimprove or gets worse, call your doctor at once.

What are thepossible side effects of the medicine Hydroxychloroquine?

Tell your doctor ifany of these side effects are severe and does not go away:

⦁    Skin rash

⦁    Vomiting

⦁    Stomach pain

⦁    Diarrhea

⦁    Nausea

⦁    Loss of appetite

⦁    Dizziness

⦁    Headache

If you experienceany of the following, call your doctor right away:

⦁    Vision disturbances

⦁    Muscle weakness

⦁    Irregular heartbeats

⦁    Drowsiness

⦁    Sensitivity to light

⦁    Reading or seeing difficulties

⦁    Seeing light flashes or streaks

⦁    Difficulty breathing

⦁    Loss of hair

⦁    Mood or mental changes

⦁    Convulsions

Warnings andPrecautions

⦁    Hydroxychloroquine should not be used inchildren for long-term therapy. Children can be especially sensitive to anoverdose.

⦁    If you are taking this drug for a longperiod, your doctor will recommend frequent eye tests. Hydroxychloroquine cancause serious vision problems. It is very important to keep this appointment.

⦁    Let your doctor know if you ever had liverdisease, porphyria or other blood disorder, psoriasis, dermatitis, or if youdrink large amounts of alcohol.

⦁    Tell as well to your doctor if you arepregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding women. Call your doctorright away if you become pregnant while having treatment with this medicine.

⦁    Do not let anyone take this medication.

⦁    Inform your doctor about other medicationsyou are taking including vitamins, minerals, or dietary supplements. It is apiece of important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.

⦁    In case of overdose, call for medicalassistance right away.

⦁    Do not flush this medication down thetoilet. The best way to dispose of this is through a medicine take-backprogram. Ask your pharmacist for more information about this matter.

⦁    Keep this medication at room temperaturefar from excess heat and moisture.

References:

emedicine.medscape.com/article/2500114-treatment

who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

lupus.org/resources/hydroxychloroquine-plaquenil-coronavirus-covid19-questions-answers

conehealth.com/services/primary-care/coronavirus-get-the-facts-on-symptoms-and-prevention-with-cynthi/