HAND, FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE
Hand-Foot and Mouth disease is a condition caused by a virus. This virus known as “Coxsackievirus”. It’s a disease that commonly affects infants and children. This condition is not really a serious disease. A person with this condition can cure themselves with no treatment. A proper hygiene is required to avoid this infection to occur.
What Causes Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease?
The main cause of this disease is a virus called as “Coxsackievirus”. It’s a virus that belongs to enterovirus. This virus can cause this disease to occur. It can transmit to other people by the following:
- Close contact with the infected person
- Through the saliva
- Fluid from blisters
- A droplet sprayed in the air after sneezing/coughing
- A surface that contains traces of a virus
Signs and Symptoms
The listed below are the signs that occur to a person with this condition:
- Poor appetite
- A headache
- Having a sore throat
- Having a fever
- Painful blisters in the mouth
- Irritability that occurs in infants and toddlers
- Rashes in hands and feet
The first sign of this disease is having a fever. It will occur for one to two days afterward the other symptoms will follow.
Hand-foot and mouth disease mostly affects infants and toddlers. This condition affects them because of their weak immune system. It affects them due to their immune system is still developing. It may also affect children below 10 years old. This condition may also affect adults with a weak immune system.
In diagnosing a doctor will perform a physical exam. It starts with examining your mouth and body for blisters. The age of a person affected. Your doctor may also ask about your signs and symptoms. Other procedure may also take like swabbing of throat and stool sample. This exam will help them to confirm your condition.
Having this condition is not a serious disease. Hand-foot and mouth disease usually go away without any treatment. However, your doctor will recommend the following to help ease your symptoms. These include the following:
- An over the counter medication such as ointments/cream.
- Pain medication to relieve a headache.
- Prescribed medicated syrup to ease a sore throat.
Other treatment at home to avoid this disease to occur:
- Avoid eating spicy/salty foods.
- Avoid an intake of citrus fruits and drinks.
- Prefer to drink cold beverages.
- Eat ice cream and popsicles.
The following are precaution to reduce your risk to this condition. It may include such as:
- Practicing a good hygiene.
- Washing of hands often thoroughly with soap and water.
- Disinfect any common areas at home.
- If you have flu better to stay at home to avoid affecting other people.
- Isolate contagious people.
- Teach your children to wash their hands with soap after using the restrooms.