Coronavirus Disease – COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease – COVID-19

The World HealthOrganization announced an official name for the disease that has happened thelast year 2019 which is the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak. Coronavirus isnamed for its appearance. Under the microscope, the virus looks like they arecovered with a pointed structure that surrounds them like corona or crown.

Coronaviruses are a type of virus that has different kinds which some cause disease. This disease is caused by the new coronavirus that emerged in China last year 2019. Several coronaviruses reasons for respiratory infections which ranges from the common cold to more severe illnesses. These diseases include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Patients with this infection will be evaluated and cared for differently than patients with common coronavirus diagnosis.


SARS was identifiedin 2002 and caused an outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome. In theyear 2012, MERS was identified in 2012 and caused the middle east respiratorysyndrome. In late 2019, COVID-19 was first identified in Wuhan, China. This isconsidered a pandemic disease.


Some people don’tdevelop any symptoms or don’t feel any unwell and get infected. After exposureto the virus, the appearance of the symptoms may take up to 14 days. Symptomsof the disease may be very mild or more serious such as:

⦁    Cough

⦁    Fever

⦁    Difficulty breathing

Some patients mayalso experience:

⦁    Diarrhea

⦁    Sore throat

⦁    Runny nose

⦁    Nasal congestion

⦁    Aches and pains

How It Spread

By droplets fromsneezes or coughs, COVID-19 can be passed from person to person. The virus canbe spread between two people who are in close contact with one another. It mayalso be through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person. Thedroplets can land on surfaces around the person and objects. The reason why“1 meter or 3 feet distance” is important these days is because ofthe possibility others might catch the virus if they breathe in the dropletsfrom the person infected who coughs out. People are thought to be mostcontagious when they are most symptomatic. So, it is very important to practicesocial distancing these days.

How to ProtectYourself

⦁    Wash your hands with soap and water for atleast 20 seconds. You can use hand sanitizers if soap and water are notavailable.

⦁     Avoid close contact with people who aresick. Put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreadingto your community.

⦁    Do not touch your eyes, nose, and mouthwith unwashed hands.

⦁    Cover your mouth and nose with a tissuewhen you sneeze or cough or you may use your elbow. Throw the used tissue rightaway in a closed bin.

⦁    Clean and disinfect often especiallytouched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, ortoilets.

How To Protect YourFamily

⦁    Avoid touching your face or anywhere inyour house.

⦁    Regularly and thoroughly clean yoursurface.

⦁    When you cough or sneeze, use a tissue orthe crook of your elbow. If you get mucus on your skin, clean it off at once.

During theseuncertain and stressful times, we must maintain our emotional interactions withothers. You can still use text messages, video chats, phone calls to be part ofeach others’ lives. Now that the virus has spread throughout the world, it isvery important to follow the preventive guidelines.

If You Are Sick

⦁    Stay in touch with your doctor for medicalcare and stay at home

⦁    Separate yourself from others especially inyour home and wear a facemask

⦁    Limit contact with animals and pets

⦁    You should not share any personal householditems

⦁    Drink a lot of fluids to stay hydrated andrest at home

If you hadclose contact with someone with COVID-19

⦁    Monitor your health for symptoms during the14 days after the last day you were in close contact with the sick person

⦁    You should not go to work or school andavoid public places for 14 days

⦁    Isolate your self at home and away fromother people

⦁    Do not leave the house except if you willseek for medical help. Stay in a different room to other people if possible andwear a surgical mask when you are in the same room as others.

If you don’t have a high-risk condition but want medical help, tell them you were exposed to someone who is with COVID-19. If possible, put on a facemask before emergency services arrive or right away after they arrive. If these signs and symptoms develop, call for medical help right away:

⦁    Shortness of breath

⦁    Fever

⦁    Cough

⦁    Sore throat

⦁    Headache

⦁    Runny nose

⦁    Diarrhea

If someone inyour house gets sick

The following arethe things you can follow when someone is sick in your house:

⦁    By lessening the social contact, length oftime contact, and space in your environment, designate personal space for them.

⦁    There is a release of the virus if a personis sick into the environment through coughing or just breathing. Homeventilation and good airflow are important. The virus stays in the air forhours.

⦁    If you will be serving their food, it is awise choice if you can just leave it in their doors. Wash your hands anddisinfect kitchen surfaces.

⦁    Keep the doors of their room closed. It canprovide an extra layer of protection.

⦁    The sick person needs to limit theinteraction with pets. The pet isn’t going to get infected but it can act likea contaminated surface for other people to get sick.

⦁    Clean your house as often as needed.Disinfecting each surface of your house can help avoid the spread of thedisease. Wear facemask if you are cleaning. When handling laundries of aninfected person, use disposable gloves as well.

Helping otherpeople to STOP the stigma related to COVID-19

Some points you cando to help stop the stigma:

⦁    Speak accurately about the risk of the disease based on the latest official health information

⦁    Talk positively because, for some people,this is a disease they can overcome

⦁    You should not emphasize the message ofthreat

⦁    Do your part by working together withothers to help prevent the spread of the disease

⦁    Choose words wisely before speaking orsharing it. The words being expressed will shape the popular language andcommunication on the COVID-19.

⦁    Help promote the importance of preventionand lifesaving actions. Misinformation and rumors contribute to stigma anddiscrimination.

Information aboutBlood Donations

Donated blood is alifeline for people with cancer, the victims of car accidents, undergoing organtransplants, or those who may need blood products to boost their immunesystems. Here are some things you need to know about giving blood:

1. People get it byrespiratory droplets in the air after the infected person sneezes or coughs.

2. If you are sickor don’t feel well, you are not able to donate blood. Only healthy people candonate blood and must be 16 years old and weighs at least 110 pounds.

3. You cannot andyou should not donate if you ever had contact with someone with COVID-19, aswell as if you’ve been diagnosed with the disease or you have of it. You canwait for 28 days after your condition has fully resolved if you are infected.If you have the symptoms, stay at home and call your local health department.In the last 14 days, if you have been in contact with someone infected, it isrecommended that you don’t donate blood. 

Blood donationcenters must observe cleanliness and proper hygiene twice as it was before. Itis because of a quick spread of the COVID-19.

High-Risk People ofgetting the Disease

Based on thecurrent information, older adults and people of any age who have seriousunderlying medical conditions might be at a higher risk for severe illness fromCOVID-19. People;

⦁    aged 65 years of age and older

⦁    who can live in a nursing home or long-termcare facility

⦁    with a serious heart condition, chronic lung disease, any age with severe obesity, or those who are immunocompromised including cancer treatment. Conditions that may cause a person to be immunocompromised are prolonged use of corticosteroids and immune deficiencies.

People in theUnited States

For about 40,00,the coronavirus has also reached the US. The official in the state has alreadyestablished testing centers in many areas. As the number of confirmed casesincreases these days, the officials have ordered residents to stay at home andobserve a strictly precautionary measure.

Pregnant Women

Pregnant women aresensitive to any conditions. You need to observe precautionary behaviorstrictly because they experience changes in their bodies that may increasetheir risk of some infections. You need to:

⦁    Avoid people who are sick or with anysymptoms of the disease

⦁    Cover your cough or wear a facemask ifgoing outside

⦁    Clean your hands often especially if youare doing tasks


Children do notappear to be at higher risk of having this disease. You can teach or let yourchild practice respiratory hygiene. It is to help stop the spread of COVID-19.You may as well;

⦁    Launder items including washable plush toysas appropriate by the instruction of the manufacturer. If possible, launderitems using the warmest appropriate water setting and dry them, completely.

⦁     Clean and disinfect high-touch surfacesdaily in household areas

If your child ishealthy or doesn’t show any symptoms, there is no need to use a facemask. Onlypeople who have symptoms and are healthcare professionals are recommended towear a facemask.


Animals can spreadother diseases to people, it is always a good idea to practice healthy habitsaround pets and other animals. Pets have other types of coronavirus that canmake them sick. The other coronavirus can’t infect people and is not related tothe current COVID-19.

At this time, thereis no evidence that the virus causes COVID-19 can spread to people from the furor pets. You should restrict contact with pets and other animals while you aresick. It is also recommended that people sick with COVID-19 must limit contactwith animals until more information is known about the new disease.

If you are sickwith COVID-19, you should limit or might as well do not have contact with petsor animals. If you must care for your pet or be around animals, wash your handsbefore and after you interact with pets. If you plan to adopt shelter pets,make sure that they are free from any illness or virus.